Publications

Journal of Ukraine and Russia

Journal of Ukraine and Russia – Crises and the evolution of the international system, prefaced by Professor Charles Zorgbibe, is the work of a practitioner of international relations.

If we are to look at recent international crisis, particularly starting with Afghanistan, we need to take some distance, put into perspective, and try to identify what affects the international system as a whole.

The personalities mentioned are not distant abstractions, the events and interests at stake concern each person living today in a globalized world (…)

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What if Emmanuel Macron named Marine Le Pen to Matignon?

The electoral tsunami of the second round of the recent French parliamentary elections must be put into perspective. The situation certainly seems blocked in the absence of an absolute majority in the National Assembly and a serious prospect of forming a «German» grand coalition. Nevertheless, the centre of gravity of the political debate has shifted to the House, and that can be viewed in a rather positive light (…)

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Romanian lands: at the crossroads of forgotten Europe

The visits, at the end of its European Presidency, of the President of the French Republic to Romania and Moldova as well as to Ukraine in the company of the German Chancellor, the Italian Prime Minister and the Romanian President for the latter destination, cannot be dissociated, but the different stages also have their specificity. If the Romanian lands have indeed become the western flank of a major conflict, it was also time that they were considered for themselves (…)

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The virtues of neutrality

  In these times of war, heavy threats in various theaters of operation, strengthening of military budgets, reconstitution and even enlargement of alliances for security, does the concept of neutrality still have any meaning? What are its possible virtues? (…)

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Germany: time for a big shift

The abandonment of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, the move towards a reduction in energy dependence on Russia and even more the supply of weapons – for the first time since the second world war – to a country at war as well as the announcement of the creation of a Fund of 100 billion euros to finance the rearmament, have appeared , in recent weeks, as profound changes of the German policy. These major decisions were obviously largely determined by the war in Ukraine but they are not only its consequence. The creation of a new coalition in Germany bringing together Social Democrats, Liberals and the Greens, after the last general elections in the Bundestag, is also at the origin of such developments. In this context, is it not premature to talk about a major shift in Germany in relation to the policies pursued for decades? (…)

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Pavlovian anti-Americanism

Like the reflex of the same qualifier, Pavlovian anti-Americanism is always present. Against the backdrop of war in Ukraine, where the future of the European continent is at stake, some people prefer to turn their darts in the direction of the «US control over Europe» as the ultimate outcome of an «old dream of domination» (…)

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The victory of meritocracy

A woman, for the second time only in the history of the Fifth Republic – and we can regret this rarity -, has just been appointed head of the French government. We must wish her well. A pupil of the Nation, a scholarship recipient, has completed a prestigious course of the Ecole Polytechnique to the head of large companies, to ministerial responsibilities and the Hotel Matignon. In a sharp contrast with profiles including a passage almost obligatory by the National School of Administration, a more scientific path is thus brought to the spotlight in these anachronistic and troubled times (…)

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Elysian fields

  The “fields of happiness”, sung by Homer in the Odyssey and Virgil in the Aeneid, are the home of those who have the favor of gods and enjoy eternal life: « everywhere you can feel the zephyrs whose whistling breezes rise from the ocean to give freshness to human beings” (…)

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Putin’s Breviary

Russian media, well-known relays of Kremlin propaganda in European and Western societies, have recently had to cease their activities. This late decision, on which we can even question ourselves with regard to the principles and rules of democracy, did not in any case prevent a thorough work of propaganda and manipulation. It has been developing for years and has ended up permeating many minds, including and perhaps even especially in educated circles (…)

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The Butchers of Bucha

After the terror that came from the sky in Ukraine, we discover – what we feared – the absolute horror on the ground that was, and still is, endured in many parts of the country, by civilians, men, women, children and the elderly (…)

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Courtiers in Petersburg, Tartars in the army

 “The Russians, courtisans in Petersburg, become Tartars again in the army,” wrote Germaine de Staël in “Ten years of exile”.

This sentiment, expressed at the beginning of the 19th century by a personality who embodied the defence of freedom and the intellectual Europe, deserves to be meditated upon (…)

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No, Mr. Secretary-General !

Forgive me for saying that your article “Facing Russia…” published on March 26 is not right and more than that dangerous.

You don’t know Russia and have a fantasized vision about it. I spent approximately ten years there which certainly does not give me an additional right to the possession of truth (…) 

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Berdyaev’s path

(…) In the light of tragic events, the perennial question of Russian history about Russia’s membership of either Europe or Asia arises again. This immense question was tackled in particular by Nicolas Berdiaev in his famous work on The Sources and Meaning of Russian Communism, which dealt with an eternal pendulum movement, or even extreme tensions, between “Slavophiles” and “Westernizers”. (…) 

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The ridge path of diplomacy

At the end of more than three hours of discussions in Pau, with French people of different social strata and generations, and just before having again a phone call with the Russian President, the President of the French Republic provided an update on the situation in Ukraine. He said the following: (…)

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Letter to a Chinese friend

Dear friend,
A few days after their national security advisers, Presidents Biden and Xi Jinping will have a discussion on 18 March and Ukraine will be on the top of the agenda. The magnitude of this war in the heart of the European continent and the global dimension it has already acquired, oblige me to address you without detours or frills (…)

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Saint Patrick for Pierre Zakrzewski and all Ukrainians

          On 15 March, Pierre Zakrzewski, who was the correspondent of an American television channel, was killed in the exercise of his duties near Kiev, as well as Ukrainian journalist Oleksandra Kuvshynova, while a British reporter  Benjamin Hall who accompanied them was wounded (…)

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Should we burn Victor Hugo and Tolstoi?

Is it necessary to burn the author of Notre-Dame de Paris – who herself was the prey of the flames -, to deprive and punish Russians who love and venerate him so much?
Do Russians have to burn down Tolstoy’s work, like Moscow’s in 1812, because war has prevailed over peace ? (…)

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Marina, heroine and kamikaze of the truth

    In an act of kamikaze, Marina Ovsyannikova broke into the evening newspaper “Vremya” of the First Russian TV channel (Первый канал) presented by the famous and irremovable Ekaterina Andreeva, known for her proximity to the Kremlin, to denounce the war in Ukraine (…)

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Where is the war going ?

          Less than three weeks after the beginning of the aggression against Ukraine, which seems to us an eternity and has already upset the European continent, we do not see a reasonable way out in the short term, when threats from the invader are multiplying and even make us fear a headlong rush. However, efforts must be made to draw initial lessons which can be presented on two levels: the deep nature of Russian power; the great leap forward of Europe (…)

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The rope of the capitalist

   “The capitalists will sell us the rope with which we will hang them”, Lenin would have said. It is possible that the quotation is apocryphal, but the idea is there that deserves reflection in the light of the overall reaction to the invasion of Ukraine. Failing to retaliate with weapons, the countries outside the perimeter of the conflict have adopted an unprecedented set of sanctions, in an approach similar to a form of “whatever the cost” (…)

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Apocalypse in Mariupol, from one siege to another

          The siege of Mariupol and that of so many other Ukrainian cities offers us apocalyptic, unbearable scenes. The hospital and maternity of the city of southern Ukraine have just been targeted. This aspect of a total war of aggression should remind those who are its ordainers of the siege of Leningrad, which lasted more than two years during the Second World War and caused an appalling number of civilian and military casualties (…)

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The hyper-calculative power

Some analysts are already considering China as the great winner of the war in Ukraine. But they are wrong and it is in any case far too premature to assert it with so much confidence (…)

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The war on video

  The war before our eyes in the twenty-first century in Ukraine, that is to say in Europe, is very real, while peripheral conflicts of considerable magnitude however, either in South-East Asia, MiddleEast, Africa and even the Balkans at our doorstep had not concerned us in the same way and at this point (…)

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Carthago delenda est

  Carthago delenda est (Carthage must be destroyed), this was the slogan proclaimed in every speech to the Roman Senate by Cato called the Elder or the Censor in the 2nd century B.C. This obsession covered the search for a total victory over an unarmed city whose misfortune was its insolent prosperity. Indeed, the third Punic war ended in the destruction of the city (…)

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The Legend of humiliation

(…) the “Legend of Humiliation” is the result of a long-term propaganda campaign, developed in Russia where it has been emphasized in recent years, and roughly coincident with the country’s current political regime (…)

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The predatory and stifling Oligarchy

  Inside the “poor power”, there are Russians like Croesus. What Elena Lenina published more than fifteen years ago is still relevant and allows, with the eye of an entomologist, to better identify profiles of a species – which by definition is rare – is far from being endangered (…)

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Our Chinese trump card

It is fashionable to talk about the Chinese card that Russia is supposed to play might resort to even more in the context of its confrontation with the West. In recent weeks, some have indeed argued about probable perverse effects of reinforced sanctions in this regard. The image image of the Putin-Xi Jinping meeting, on the margins of the Beijing Olympics, stroke the minds. But we have to take a closer look at realities that are not so simple and we also have one or several Chinese cards up our sleeve (…)

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The third Bust of a Pariah state

    A large-scale Russian attack on the whole Ukraine is under way, and its contours, modalities and ultimate purposes cannot yet be accurately assessed. In any case the worst-case scenario is unfolding before our eyes (…)

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Good Bye Lenin!

Hopefully, there is still time to get back to the edge of the cliff, and that applies to all parties. After a lot of diplomatic contacts – in this regard, the efforts of the President of the Republic on behalf of France and Europe were completely justified and there is no room for political polemic – the time for arms has arrived (…)

Is the time for diplomacy completely over? (…)

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Chess game or Kremlin Go game?

The information war continues to rage around Ukraine as well as an archaic and classic war – with the multiplication of ceasefire violations in the Donbas in recent hours – to which must be added the use of the most modern hostile means, as for example in the field of cyber (…)

The only great uncertainty lies in Vladimir Putin’s intentions (…)

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Beauty of the veil

The question of the veil, which is carrying with it in the greatest intellectual confusion many other questions such as Islam, immigration, Islamism and even terrorism, erupts periodically and almost compulsively in the political debate in France, a fortiori during a campaign for the presidential election (…)

The discussion on veil can consist of unproductive, confusing and frustrating exchanges, but it can also take us further into thinking about sensitive, important and unavoidable issues. It is not a question of asserting expertise but simply of inciting  nuance and moderation (…)

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Il Divo e il Diavolo

  Toni Servillo, the exceptional actor of La Grande Bellezza, plays Giulio Andreotti, an emblematic figure of Italian Christian democracy and politics, in Il Divo, a film by the same filmmaker Paolo Sorrentino.

Giulio Andreotti was seven times President of the Council of Ministers, member of the Constituent Assembly of 1946 and then of all the governments of Italy from 1947 to 1992 (NB: eight times Minister of Defence, five times Minister of Foreign Affairs and two times Minister of Fiances), finally Senator for life (…)

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On the rooftops of Moscow

Not to mention the Brezhnev glaciation, the Moscow winter can be endless and snowfalls sometimes still occur in April or even at the beginning of May. However, temperatures gradually rise at the end of this period. They can still be distinctly negative when, suddenly, unexpectedly, and while they had totally disappeared for many months, some cats make again their appearance on the roofs of the capital still snowy and adorned with stalactites. it is a clear signal heralding better days, not overnight, but in an inevitable way but ineluctably (…)

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For five years, for thirty years? Refoundation of the international order

In the latest issue of the Journal Politique étrangère, Thierry de Montbrial, Founder and President of the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri), questions the key moment in France’s foreign policy (see “A Course for the Next Thirty Years”) and he strives to chart medium and long-term prospects.

Without him saying it clearly, he is also drawing up a roadmap for the next few years, on the eve of a new five-year presidential term in France (…)

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The Faustian Pact

 The Faustian pact of the Russian power is not the alliance of the « “sword and the monk’s cowl”, that is to say of the State and the Orthodox hierarchy, even if there is a closeness between these two great institutions (…)
The Faustian pact of contemporary Russia – which can also be found in other societies – is not made of verticality but of horizontality. The haunting figure of Vladimir Putin might in fact conceals an ancient relationship between the Tsar and the powerful and turbulent boyars (…)

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The time of Infra-deterrence?

  Are we seeing a resurgence of the Cold War in international relations? The resurgence of perils on the European continent, a hotbed of past tensions, from Berlin, to Budapest, Prague and Warsaw, might suggest this. A trend towards the reconstitution of blocs, whether in the NATO area or in the Indo-Pacific region, would also have similarities with an international system that had been thought to be over (…)

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Voice of Ukraine

We must of course listen to Ukrainians. Comparison is not necessarily equivalent to rightness , but we will refer once again to the Czechoslovak crisis of the late 1930s. In Munich, Czechoslovakia was absent from the negotiations directly concerning its future and its very existence. The next day, the Wehrmacht occupied the Sudetenland and six months later, the whole country. Clearly, we cannot defend Ukraine’s sovereignty and not give it an opportunity to make its voice heard (…)

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The Ghost of Munich

  “We must do everything to avoid war” said the President of the French Republic on his return from Moscow. He is entirely right and dialogue must be given priority, but also with special vigilance (…)

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The Paths to Moscow

The President of the French Republic is going to Moscow to discuss matters concerning the European continent in the first place. This approach can only be encouraged. The meeting with the Russian President could have just as easily taken place in Beijing, on the margins of the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics, and the message would have been even stronger (…)

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Germany, eternal Scapegoat

As the Ukrainian crisis has developed into an apparent stalemate, while Russian demands for the renunciation of NATO’s enlargement to Ukraine and the withdrawal of certain military equipment from the Atlantic Alliance Treaty area cannot be met, the pressure on Germany is increasing. The trial of too great a restraint, of an excessive understanding of Moscow’s concerns and of a priority to defend its economic interests, especially energetic, by dissociating them from geostrategic considerations, is already being conducted against Berlin (…)

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The Year of the Tiger and of living dangerously?

The Year of the Tiger will be celebrated, on February 1, in all the Chinese and Asian world in general. Our best wishes to those who respect and observe with attention this cycle of twelve years, each year bearing the sign of an animal. The first day of the lunar year was originally an agrarian festivity. And the tiger in this astrology is supposed to represent values of dynamism, courage but also combat when it is necessary (…)

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The Brave soldier Sergei

 Sergei Lavrov, sometimes called a “Russian Talleyrand”, probably improperly because he could rather be compared to a devoted patriot and faithful servant of the state like Chou En-lai, became inaudible. In counterpoint to almost silent diplomacy, boot noises are deafening after Georgia in 2008 and the annexation of Crimea in 2014, from Ukraine to Kazakhstan (…)

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Russia’s three mistakes and the Ukrainian trap

Whatever Russia’s grievances against the West, which are not all unfounded – being fueled in particular by a sense of rejection, a new form of an already old obsidional complex – Russia has committed at least three major strategic mistakes since the end of the Soviet Union. The exacerbation of the Ukrainian crisis is largely a result of this, and the crossing of red lines could prove disastrous for Moscow as well as for Europe as a whole (…)

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Alizé et Gaël, a very beautiful France

Sport is of course nowadays more than sport. The biggest events are globalized and this is the case of the Australian Open, one of the four tennis tournaments of the so-called Grand Slam.
In the extreme southern heat of Melbourne, Alizé Cornet and Gaël Monfils have distinguished themselves not only because they have just reached the quarter-finals of the competition (…) but also by displaying an array of qualities beyond the sport (…)

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Last tango in Paris or in Washington?

Before the European Parliament a few days ago, the President of the French Republic considered that the European Union should conduct its own discussions with Russia. In his capacity as Acting President of the Union, he referred to a forthcoming “European proposal” for a “new security and stability order”. In the context of the Ukrainian crisis, the initiative immediately raised some concerns in Washington, which is currently conducting separate and exclusive discussions with Russia (…)

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Our Friend Nole

The Australian health, administrative, political and sports imbroglio has just come to an end. The outcome, which deprives the current world number one tennis player to take part, in a way in his garden, to a tournament he has already won nine times and in case of victory to become the player having won the largest number of Grand Slam competitions in the history of tennis, has not however brought all the necessary clarifications. The case, whose dimension is commensurate with the globalization of the world, is not yet in all its components over (…)

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The rape of Europa

  The rape or kidnapping of Europa by Zeus, disguised as a white bull, is deeply rooted in Western mythology. Pictorial and artistic representations in general are numerous with Titian, Rubens, Rembrandt or Darius Milhaud in music, André Chénier and Rimbaud in literature and up to Botero for sculpture. Zeus could symbolize today the hubris of power, the triumph of violence allied to materialism, and Europa the woman scorned (…)

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Sophie’s Choice, January 6th?

A year ago, on January 6, the Capitol events in Washington not only coincided with the creation of 🟦🟪 Perspectives Europe-Monde 🟦🟪 (cf. Le Drame du Capitole: 6 February 1934/ 6 January 2021) but they were an important trigger in a way. The terms then used were “pandemic violence” or “gangrene of democracy”. The historical reference to 6 February 1934 in France was a way of questioning the immunity of European democracies (…)

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Repotting Your Life

The contrast is great obviously between talking about Frances Edmonds and the Soviet Union whose disappearance, 30 years ago, has been extensively discussed in recent weeks, including on the site “Perspectives Europe-Monde”. One passes indeed without transition from Black and White to color but could say, not without a hint of provocation, that her book “Repotting Your Life” has also a revolutionary dimension, a personal one at least (…)

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Soave sia il vento…

“Let the breeze be gentle…” , we would like to say with Mozart, in a country so fond of music, to the unprecedented Traffic lights coalition that now governs Germany.

It will indeed take all the subtlety of Mozart, and even his gentleness, to conciliate, as with the magical trio of Cosi fan tutte, so many diverse aspirations under the constraints of inescapable necessities. And the art of navigators will also be subject to winds, unpredictable by definition (…)

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The Day Before (2/2)

The classic recipes for approaching and understanding the ending USSR were at the moment inoperative. It was difficult at the time to define a method, without benchmarks, without contacts while new heads were emerging. A country of 22 million km2 was undergoing a prolonged telluric tremor. The very physical impression was that the ground was shaking under our feet and going to restore, at the end of a Brezhnev glaciation whose process was already engaged, decades of buried energies (…)

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The Day Before (1/2)

Thirty years ago, on 25 December, Mikhail Gorbachev signed the act of resignation of his duties as President of the USSR. In the early winter night of the Moscow latitudes, the Soviet flag flying on the Kremlin was brought back and replaced by the Russian tricolour. The dissolution of the Soviet Union was ratified the next day by the Supreme Soviet (…)

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Sotto la Tenda di Abramo, Christmas for Father Paolo

In the tent of Abraham, at the Monastery of Deir Mar Moussa in Syria, which overlooked the Syrian desert extending to Palmyra and beyond the Euphrates, Jesuit Father Paolo Dall’Oglio worked tirelessly for the dialogue of monotheistic religions in the tradition of the central figure of Genesis (…)

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Brexit (2/2): The identity of the Kingdom

Queen Elizabeth II had described the year 1992, that of the 40 years of her reign, as annus horribilis (…)

2012 was a pivotal year. The message of trust, national communion and grandeur was unquestionably an expression of identity but did it not also correspond to a repression of the crisis? (…)

Jubilee pomp and Olympic euphoria also coexisted with the economic recession (…)

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An American woman in Paris

In a hesitant America, still prey to the ravages and aberrations of «Trumpism», Kamala Harris projects an image of energy, optimism and attachment to the American values we are sharing. By its origins and its Californian career, especially as State Prosecutor, she also embodies the future of a country and more globally of a world more focused than ever on the Asia-Pacific zone. Welcome to Kamala Harris that Paris will certainly very much love (…) 

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The International Community (3/3): A Secretary-General for the United Nations

The Security Council is generally considered the keystone of the UN. Unlike the General Assembly, it has a decision-making power that is binding on all (…)

The status of the Secretary-General is exactly the opposite: he has only few powers, which are summarized in Article 99 of the Charter (…)

Suffice it to say that the field of action is limitless on the condition that the Secretary-General is endowed with a great moral authority and a charism to appeal to world opinion as well as a great sense of diplomatic negotiation in his relation with States and also often courage to oppose at times, at his own risk and peril, to the most dangerous of them (…)

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The International Community (2/3): New York campaigns and battles

The mood was more than gloomy in New York City, along the East River, in the late 1980s. More than the financial crisis that hit the World Organization, the most serious was the crisis of confidence that often came from its own ranks. Why the UN? asked both delegates and international officials who doubted their mission while the Security Council was totally paralyzed (…)

This deleterious climate changed almost overnight as the dark clouds of the Cold War dissipated (…)

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The International Community (1/3): Secrets and Treasures of Africa

(…) The southern winter was not the season of bougainvillea and jaracandas in bloom but these highlands brought a greater sweetness that was not only climatic. The country had already evolved into a power where the minority no longer dominated without sharing. I liked Harare from the start. I have always loved, in all places, the feeling of the highlands, whatever their elevation, in Kenya, in Ethiopia or in Vietnam. I appreciated the distance they seemed to give to the restlessness of the world, the sense of calm to which they contributed (…)

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Microsoft/ LinkedIn and Democracy

The GAFA plus the letter M have their merit. They can be both wonderful instruments that have changed the world by transforming its communication as well as universal vectors of policies and ideologies aimed at changing the destiny of individuals as well as the orientation of entire communities.

If we stick to their merits, it is unfortunate that Microsoft decided to put an end to LinkedIn’s adventure in China. That is at least one of the interpretations of the decisions that have just been made public. Some also blame the announced departure – after Twitter and Facebook – on the many obstacles put by the Chinese authorities to the uncontrolled development of the firm (…)

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The Trial of Madame K

Gusty winds periodically blow over the multilateral system. The expiatory victim was once Boutros-Ghali, the Secretary-General of the UN and Kofi Annan himself was not spared at the end of his mandate. Today, the target is Kristalina Georgieva, head of the IMF, for incriminating facts dating back to 2017, when she was head of the World Bank (…)

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Spirituality without the Churches

No institution is immune to scandals. The Catholic Church has had its share in its history (…)

Closer to us, many mistakes have been unveiled, whether they are intricate real estates or banking scandals. But the findings of the Independent Commission on Sexual Abuse in the Church (CIASE) – established at the initiative of the Church itself -, which have just been published, give a new and unparalleled dimension to the accusations that the Catholic Church and her representatives may be subjected to on a recurring basis (…)

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Plea for the Republic

Polls do not make an election and the French presidential election is still far away. But the fact that a «putative» candidate can gather 15% of the voting intentions in several polls – which makes him a possible challenger in the second round – is already quite surprising. That this potential candidate, still without a programme, has expressed clearly racist ideas, designating the foreigner and a religion per se as the main if not exclusive source of France’s problems, is worrying and even shocking. The fact that the extreme right could possibly unite a third of the French voters is just as alarming (…)

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The legacy of “Merkelism”

It did not take long to complete the inventory of the Merkel legacy. The so-called unparalleled popularity of the Chancellor, her reputed incomparable record, was shattered by the verdict of the ballot box. If these assertions maintained and even over-exploited by the media bubble had been true, they would have resisted the vote of the electors . Instead, the CDU recorded historical lows which did not prevent its new leader from pretending to lead the German government. In fact, the general elections in the Bundestag were a revelation of a great disease of democracy. Its symptoms are recognizable in the New World: the end of politics contains threatening dangers (…)

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Charming Aussies

The Australian Prime Minister has behaved very badly towards France. There is no question about his brutality and especially his duplicity. This behaviour cannot be attributed, it goes without saying, to all his compatriots. Only in primitive societies is the whole community punished for the fault of a single one (…)

The Australian continent continues to fascinate us with its size, its potential, its incomparable nature, its multi-ethnic society, its passion for sport and outback. There is still a new frontier, perhaps even a last frontier, which makes us dream (…)

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The Past of Hope

Historian François Furet wrote a book on communism entitled The Past of an Illusion. It is necessary to reread the Memoirs of the Future of Michel Jobert, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georges Pompidou and also Minister of François Mitterrand, and to think in these troubled times of a past that can bring hope (…)

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Humiliation for whom? Irresponsibility of whom?

France has just been humiliated by the United States, and even more than that. That is a fact…
From the bilateral, we have moved brutally to a trilateral Alliance, on entirely new bases. Napoleon had told Tsar Alexander I during their meeting in Tilsit «that he slept only with two, never with three» and this is obviously not the sublime spectacle that the AUKUS offered us (…)

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Australian contract: Stab in the back or salutary clarification ?

Australia’s reversal of the contract with France for the manufacture and maintenance of 12 conventional-powered submarines came as a surprise. This decision will not fail to have, beyond the economic and industrial aspects, important geo-strategic consequences (…)

The Australian Jarnac coup, fomented with Washington, had the merit to remove many ambiguities. It will have contributed to a salutary clarification if we keep our composure and know how to draw the necessary consequences (…)

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Youth of the US Open

Emma Raducanu has just won the US Open tennis tournament at the age of 18. She is the first tennis player in history – men and women alike – to have won the final of a Grand Slam tournament by coming out of the qualifying selection (…)
Emma Raducanu has another peculiarity, she is British. She is the first Briton to win a Grand Slam tournament since Virginia Wade’s victory in Wimbledon 44 years ago (…)

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The Towers of our city, a beacon of our life

We have loved them in our twenty years, we have observed them with respect and admiration for twenty years, they continue to enlighten us for twenty years. Emblematic of New York with other exceptional constructions, such as the Chrysler Building or naturally the Empire State, they have become in their architectural simplicity unique in the world and will never disappear from our thoughts (…)

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From Borodino to the Bicentennial of the Liberal and European Spirit

(…) The paradoxes of the battle of Borodino: the climax of the confrontation of two considerable powers is not necessarily the reflection of an eternal division; an apparent military victory, whose memory remains glorious, can conceal a total political defeat and herald a final collapse, “the beginning of the end” according to Talleyrand’s judgment (…)

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The Desert of the Tartars

The last American soldier left Afghanistan on August 30. This departure cannot mean a surrender of the country and the region. As in the Tartar Steppe of Dino Buzzati, visible or more insidious threats exist that will have to be curbed. There will also be immense opportunities to be seized, especially in the economic field, in the coming years (…)

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Peak line: after Afghanistan, elements for a Foreign Policy

Afghanistan can be a textbook case. It brings together many major contemporary international issues: regional crises in a nuclear zone, the legitimacy of interventions in failed states, humanitarian tragedies, the development of terrorism, the recomposition of the new world, the redefinition of inter-state political organizations and alliances, the major economic projects of the 21st century (…)

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Afghanistan, the eye of the Hurricane

This is clearly the time for Afghanistan’s disorderly, if not chaotic, retreat. But, paradoxically, the time for a rethought “intervention” has also come. Humiliation, fear, resentment, should not lead to inertia and even paralysis, but on the contrary to mobilize in a reflex that is both humanitarian and in line with our security concerns. Because Afghanistan is in the eye of a threatening hurricane (…)

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Sad August 15

It will remain the image of a sad August 15 with parody airs of the Capitol. It would be interesting to take a close look at those faces and make sure they are Afghans. We may have other ideas on the issue.

It is not a question of regretting the end of a military presence that has lasted too long and has not been able to build despite undoubtedly noble intentions whose implementation was out of reach in such an environment (…)

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The Afghan people, adjustment variable

The months of August are not disaster-free and there is no summer lethargy that can stand in the way. The sixtieth anniversary of the construction of the Berlin Wall on August 13, Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, the invasion of Czechoslovakia on August 21, 1968, not to mention the submarine Kursk, a little over twenty years ago, and the Kabylia fires before our eyes… , the list is long. Today we are witnessing a new Afghan tragedy (…)

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Lionel Messi, the Parisian Titi

Le Parc des Princes has already become the home of o single Prince, before he even stepped on the pitch in a competition. So let us welcome, wish happiness and great sporting successes to Lionel Messi and his family (…)

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Tokyo 2020, in the memory of the Games

Everyone has a memory of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. These relate to a collective history and also to his own which they helped to give benchmarks. No matter how far was the progression in recent decades towards ever greater professionalization, the Games still largely represent pure sport in many disciplines, the Grail of any competitor, the legend for the medallists and sometimes even for those who have not been but have gone above and beyond, an incomparable pride for the organizing nations and the wonderful memory of so many volunteers (…)

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The Concert of Bosra

Summer, out of confinement, is marked in Europe by music festivals: the great tradition of Salzburg and Bayreuth; Glyndebourne, a green and elegant setting in Sussex; the piano at La Roque d’Antheron, Aix-en-Provence, another posthumous homeland of Mozart, jazz in Nice or the impressive wall of the Théâtre antique d’Orange (…)

A power and a civilization are really imposed in the long term only by the seduction that they exercise, is it not eternal maestro Riccardo Muti? (…)

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German Tragedy, European tragedy

The catastrophic devastation of recent days in Germany and Belgium, caused by floods, will have struck people’s minds because of their suddenness and magnitude.
We must act to this human tragedy and it is in such circumstances that the expression of our solidarity and solicitude counts.
This drama is ours and it is the tragedy of all of Europe (…)

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9 rue Princesse

The birthplace of Charles de Gaulle in Lille has reopened its doors at the end of a restoration undertaken from 2019. The health crisis has delayed public access to 9 rue Princesse by a few months. The visitors discovering a house, which everything was done during the works, until the choice of objects and decorative elements, so that it restores the atmosphere of the last decade of the nineteenth century, cannot fail to raise the question of the determinism of place and environment on the life of the greatest figure in the political history of contemporary France (…)

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A special day

July 14 is above all the National Day of all French people. It is thus celebrated throughout the Republic as well as in all French Embassies abroad. It is a reminder of the history of France and the values that make the identity of its citizens and motivate them both in their personal and professional lives.

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Tour de France : The three Mont Ventoux

For the first time in the history of the Tour de France, the riders will climb today 7 July, twice during the same stage, the Mont Ventoux, the giant of Provence which culminates at 1910 m. Moreover, they will make the descent on the north face made dangerous by dizzying speeds reaching up to 100 km per hour. There are indeed three Mont Ventoux, but only one is a Himalayan cycling sport and its justice of the peace.
It is also said that there are three Provence that symbolize in literature Henri Bosco, Jean Giono and Frédéric Mistral (…)

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Christine, Kristalina, Ursula and the others

Three major world institutions are now run by Europeans, and this is more than a double coincidence. If one does not only wonder, as in the past about the Pope, about the number of his divisions or one would say today about his rates of growth, Europe has a face and it is a pole of civilization, characterized by diversity and the search for progress. Another strong message is that this vast ensemble is represented by women.

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100th Anniversary : Heaven And Earth

On 1 July China celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist party, actually founded on 23 July. It counts just under 100 million members, representing much less than 10% of its population (…)

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I am Beirut

I used to be a beautiful city…Some people say I’m still as beautiful as I was before…I don’t like me anymore…I scare my kids away…I kill my people unintentionally…I starve them to death…I even turn some of their brightest days to a funeral in a split of a second (…)

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Belarus : the three martyrs of a nation

What is our perception of Belarus? The undoubtedly quite blurred image of a country that only emerges in times of tragedy, turmoil or political violence? Do we not above all retain the word “Russia” that makes up its name, thus leading us to systematically maintain reserve and even harshly criticise it instead of the large neighbour that we would not dare to reprove in such a direct manner? (…)

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Joe Biden : The American Revolution at the Debs’ Ball

Joe Biden is a young President. He has only just completed his first hundred days in his new post, a period which is a sort of yardstick in political history. The “Flight of the Eagle” had stopped at Waterloo, whilst, after a somewhat hesitant start, Joe Biden is ending the first phase of his journey at a breakneck pace. The new United States President is also a beginner taking his first steps, and one never knows whether a loyal and even brilliant second-in-command will ever become a genuine number one (…)

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The Night of Destiny, the Light of Day

Eastern spirituality is not simply the reserve of Islam. It is also present within other religions, based upon the historic and cultural environment, and it also magnificently reveals itself for example in Orthodoxy. This religion has in fact incomparable liturgies, far from rationality alone, which in itself can be soul-destroying. In this case, we can talk about “intelligence of the heart” (…)

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Jubilee of a King

A surge of national unity, the affirmation of the country’s greatness, tradition and modernity.

Philip Mountbatten never had the title of King although in the British monarchy a king’s wife is queen. But the crucial point is what he was and what he did… As a symbol of the unity of the Royal Family and the Kingdom which were his for so long, it can be said of Prince Philip that the Jubilee of ten years ago has become that of a King (…)

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The Diplomats

It was only natural that diplomats, or at least some of the most remarkable among them, should make an entrance in “Perspectives Europe-Monde”. The diaphragm of an optical lens is in fact their favorite instrument of observation, the focus consisting of an adjustment of the image, and diplomats are often called upon to engage in all of these operations. It is desirable that they at least possess a good 50mm lens, which corresponds to natural vision, and they sometimes happen to modify their focal length to get closer or on the contrary, take distance (…)

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Notre-Dame de Paris, 15 April and 15 August

15 April is an important date. Not just for Bruno Le Maire, whose birthday it is, but also because, on his fiftieth birthday, the flames ravaged Notre-Dame de Paris [Our Lady of Paris] before his, our and the whole world’s eyes, threatening to destroy it completely…
…Where were we then? As this is the most visited monument in France, everyone will forever remember what they were doing on that particular 15 April (…)

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Vendée Globe: Ode to the World, Ode to Joy

The crash of the Furious 50s finally eased and the contenders of the Vendée Globe 2020/2021 are now in safe port……Both men and women proved the same ability to climb the “Himalaya of the sea”, to face the deepest depressions and winds exceeding 50 knots, to wonder at the magical spectacle of the world, and they displayed the same talent in letting us share in their adventure….If a musician were to be chosen to illustrate the Vendée Globe, it would first and foremost be Beethoven, whose 250th ‘birthday’ was in fact celebrated last December. His 6th Symphony (…)

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Sasameyuki, Sprinkling of snow

Sasameyuki was written during the air raids, the tragedy reinforcing the feeling that the traditional Japan – whose radical transformation had already begun with an industrialisation which would upset wealth distribution and the social order – was going to disappear completely. (…)

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Syria, twenty years later

Syria has become distant and not easy to understand…This leads us to look at the country in detail, to question the reasons for our growing more distant and reflect on the possible ways and means, even if this seems unachievable today, of returning to a more stabilising role in a region essential to our interests (…)

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Socrates on a bike

Guillaume Martin is a champion. He was France’s best finisher in last year’s Tour de France…But Guillaume Martin also holds a Master’s Degree in Philosophy…But tell me something, Guillaume Martin, is climbing passes not the best way to discover the philosopher’s stone ? (…)

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Trump acquitted and guilty

The Republicans are emerging from the ordeal divided…The paradox is that the United States’ future is now more in their hands than in Trump’s, whose legal woes are far from over (…)

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The Capitol drama : 6 February 1934/6 January 2021

The Capitol drama may perhaps not have yet have reached its peak. We lack the hindsight to form a comprehensive judgement, but it nevertheless reveals a pandemic of violence and a previously unimaginable advanced gangrene of democracy. Are we ourselves immune? What are our benchmarks in the face of such an explosion of violence? (…)

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